KOLKATA PORT TRUST
The Port of Kolkata comprises two major operational domains viz. Kolkata Dock System (KDS) and Haldia Dock Complex (HDC).
Kolkata Dock System (KDS) comprises the impounded dock systems at Kidderpore Dock (KPD), and Netaji Subhas Dock (NSD), in Kolkata, Petroleum Wharves at Budge Budge and Anchorages at Saugor, Diamond Harbour and Sandheads are grouped under Kolkata Dock System (KDS).
The different cargo handling areas falling under KDS and HDC are:
Head Office, Kolkata Port Trust.
· Kolkata Dock System (KDS)
1. K.P. Docks : 18 Berths, 6 Buoys/ Moorings and 3 Dry Docks
2. N.S. Docks : 10 Berths, 2 Buoys/ Moorings and 2 Dry Docks
3. Budge Budge River Moorings : 6 Petroleum Wharves
4. Anchorages :
* Diamond Harbour
· Haldia Dock Complex (HDC)
1. Impounded Dock. System with
2. Three Oil Jetties in the River
3. Three Barge Jetties in the River for handling Oil carried by Barges.
4. Haldia Anchorage for LASH vessels
HDC Administrative Building, Haldia.
1. All Docks are impounded Dock Systems with Locks from River.
2. A large number of ship breaking berths are also available at KDS
(KPD & NSD), subject to restrictions of length and beam.
3. Drafts at ALL PLACES as per DRAFT FORECAST.
Kolkata Port Trust Research Vessel - Anusandhani
The Kolkata Dock System is situated on the left bank of the river Hooghly, The pilotage station is at Gasper/Saugor Roads and the total pilotage distance to KDS is 145 Kilometres. KDS is situated at a Latitude of 22°32'53" North and Longitude - 88°18'5" East.
HDC is situated 60 Km. from the pilotage station at a Latitude of 22°02' North and Longitude - 88°06' East.
Presently the conservancy limit of Kolkata Port stretches from the outfall of the Feeder Canal at Jangipur (about 300 Km. upstream) of Kolkata to the Eastern Channel Light Vessel at Sandheads. It also includes shores of the river Hooghly which are within 45.7 metres from the highest high water levels on either side of the bank.
Throughout this long stretch from Sandheads Sagar Roads no
sea-going vessel over 200 GRT is allowed to navigate without a
qualified pilot of the CPT.
The Pilotage distance to Kolkata is 221 Kms, Comprising 148 kms. of river and 75 kms of sea pilotage whereas the pilotage distance to Haldia is 121 Kms comprising 46 kms. of river and 75 kms os sea pilotage. The Port maintains a pilot Vessel/Station at Sagar Roads. The River Pilot embarks on inwards bound vessels at Middleton Point and proceeds up the river. On arrival at Kolkata (Garden Reach), the River Pilot is relieved by a Harbour Pilot who takes the vessel inside the lock at KPD or NSD or the river mooring as required. From the lock, the vessel is guided to the nominated berth by a Berthing Master. For the outward passage the process is reversed. At Haldia the pilot bringing the vessel from Middleton point hands over the vessel at the lock entrance to the Berthing Master but all vessels bound for oil jetties are taken alongside by the same Pilot.
Being a riverine port with numerous sand bars (shoals), advantage is taken of the rise of tide so as to obtain the maximum draft for shipping. Variation in draft occurs between spring and neap tide and forecast of draft for inward and outward ships are published from Kolkata by the Harbour Master (River) about four/six week in advance. Because of the sharp bends in the river the length of the vessel that can be accommodated at Kolkata is restricted to 172 metres at Kolkata and 189 metres at Budge Budge.
Maximum dimensions of vessels acceptable at N. S. Dock is 565 ft. LOA and 80 ft. Beam (172mtrs. x 24.3mtrs.) so far on regular basis.
Keeping in mind shipping trends and safety of port installation it was decided, ALSO to accept with immediate effect vessels up to 82 ft Beam (25mtrs.) provided the length over all of the ship not exceeding 530 ft (162mtrs.) on a regular basis.
Present dimension of vessels accepted at Haldia Dock at present are restricted to LOA 240 mtr., Beam - 32.26 mtr. For Oil jetties the largest vessels that are accepted at present are LOA 250 mtr., Beam - 44 mtr. Tidal bores in the river have been a constraint to shipping for the port. In spring tide, the tidal waves make an onrush with height which makes it difficult for a ship to remain in the river. The ships are then given shelter in the docks. The frequency and severity of the bore tide has, however, substantially reduced with the commissioning of the Farakka Barrage.
|Inward||7 hrs.||3 hrs.|
(for a light-drafted vessel without anchoring en-route).
|8 hrs.||4 hrs.|
|(for a deep drafted vessel with three anchorage enroute)||22 hrs.||4 hrs.|
|Haldia to Kolkata||16 hrs.|
To facilitate the pilotage appropriate navigational aids have been provided throughout the passage. At present the following aids are available :
|Sagar Lighthouse (Lat. 21°39'N, Long. 088°03'E) is
situated at Middleton Point on the Sagar Island one and
half km. inshore. It is visible in clear weather from a
distance of 28 Km.
Dariapur Lighthouse (Lat. 21°47'N, Long. 087°52'E) is situated on the right bank of hugli south of Rasulpur river and about 2.7 kms inshore. It is visible in clear weather from a distance of 35 Km.
|There are four unmanned light vessels. These are as
follows : (distances shown against each are southward
from the Sagar Lighthouse).
|Automatic Tide Gauges|
|These are maintained at Tribeni, Garden Reach, Diamond Harbour and Haldia for round-the-clock recording of tidal data, which is used for the prediction of tides and preparation of tide tables by Survey of India.|
|These are maintained at Akra, Moyapur, Hooghly Point, Balari, Gangra and Sagar for displaying rises of tide for the convenience of various vessels navigating, dredging and surveying in the River Hooghly.|
|River Marks and Buoys|
500 (of which 140 are lighted). Some of Lighted transits are unlit at present. However, KoPT is contemplating to re-lit these Transit Marks to facilitate night navigation in the stretch from Kolkata to Uluberia. These are extremely useful in pilotage and dredging as well. These lights are operated either by electricity, battery or by dissolved Marine Acetylene Gases and are maintained by Superintendent, Dredger & Despatch Service under the charge of a Lighting Officer. There is also 1 boat buoy, 30 lighted buoys and 72 unlit buoys marking the navigational channel from Sandheads to Kolkata.
In order to facilitate speedy communication between various shore establishments and CPT vessels operating in the river wireless stations have been provided at Kolkata, Hooghly Point, Haldia and on board all dredgers, pilot vessels, despatch and survey/research vessels. In addition, these stations/vessels are also provided with VHF sets which are installed at many other vital oprational points including tidal stations within Kolkata Dock System & Haldia Dock Complex.
|Syledis Chain System|
The Electronic Position Fixing System "Syledis" was introduced in the Port of Kolkata in 1983.The Shore based Syledis Position Fixing System functions round the clock with the help of the Syledis Stations located at Haldia, Roychowk, Dadanpatra Bar and Frazergunj.In the wide estuary, position fixing with reference to shore objects to be viewed from the deck of a vessel, is very difficult. Acccordingly, the Syledis System is operated for position fixing of the vessels plying in the wide Hooghly Estuary. The system is effectively utilized for the purpose of hydrographic survey and dredging.
Differential Global Positioning System (DGPS) :
Kolkata Port Trust is replacing Syledis Position Fixing system by Differential Global Position Fixing System in phases by latest state-of the art equipments. The satellite based DGP System functions with the help of orbiting satellite and reference stations installed by KoPT. Mobile Sets on board the vessels receive signals from the satellite as well as correction signal from the reference Stations giving exact locations of any mobile craft having the DGPS receivers in terms of latitude, longitude or in other coordinate system along with related navigational parameters for safe navigation, dredging and survey purpose.
VTMS Control Room at Haldia.
Vessel Traffic Management System (VTMS)
|The VTMS is a Radar Surveillance System Operating on radars at strategic locations connected through microwave data link and communication system.With a view to providing more effective and safer guidance to ship from the Sandheads to Haldia through radar survelliance, Vessel Traffic Management System (VTMS) was taken up in the first phase from the Sandheads to Haldia. The installation was completed in April 1996. The work component relating to Installation of Stand Alone VTMS with Automatic Identification System (AIS) at Saugar (in the first phase) as a scientific aid to navigation of vessels at Hooghly Estuary, is being taken up at a cost of Rs 720 lakhs (inclusive of duty) .|
All unpropelled steel and wooden boats operating within the port limits are licensed by Superintendent, Boat Registration after necessary inspection to ensure safety of goods and lives being transported by these boats. The Licensing fees are payable as per extant Scale of Rates.
|River Regulatory Works|
|Kolkata Port Trust has to undertake extensive maintenance dredging in order to maintain navigability of its approach channels. In addition to deploying its own fleet of dredgers continuously, KoPT has to hire other agencies to meet its target. At present, Dredging Corporation of India Ltd., has been engaged to maintain the navigability of the approach channel leading to Haldia. The annual maintenance dredging of Kolkata Port is well over 20 million cubic metres.|
|Kolkata Port Trust is always alive to the environmental
concerns for which a number of measures have been undertaken.
Haldia has been densely afforested. Mangrove afforestation has been
done at Nayachara Island
off Haldia by planting more than a million mangroves of
different varieties for environment upgradation of the
area and for protection of river banks.
Reception facilities for ship generated oily waste water has been set up through procurement of anti-pollution vessels both at KDS and HDC. Regular monitoring of dock water is being carried out regularly at the dock systems of Kolkata and Haldia and the two oil recovery cum garbage collection vessels were pressed into service, wherever required.
|Electronic Data Interchange (EDI)|
| In accordance with the decision of the
commerce, Government of India, Kolkata Port Trust has gone ahead with the introduction of Electronic Data
Interchange in Kolkata Port. Its effective implementation will
immensely help the trade by way of more prompt services and providing a
Single Window service facility, eliminating any delay in transfer of
physical document between Customs, Banks & Shipping agencies.
In a recent meeting under the Chairmanship of Secretary IT, it has been decided that a web based integrated solution (instead of VAN based solution) for Port-Community partners would be developed .
Regarding Port-Customs connectivity, concerning Import and Export cycles for containers, messages are being transmitted by Kolkata Port (KDS) with Kolkata Customs in revised formats since May '2003. Since Jan’2003, ‘vessel sailing report’ has been made on-line between port and Customs.
Video Conferencing System
With introduction of Video-Conferencing System at KoPT in October 2003, fast and instantaneous interfacing is being established with multi-point system, which would help in tracking of problems/ irritants, across the table, cutting down on both travel/ time costs, making a useful dent on effective decision making of management.
|Maintenance of Rabindra Setu|
Kolkata Port Trust is looking after the maintenance of the Rabindra Setu, better known as Howrah Bridge, since its commissioning in 1943. The bridge, built at a cost of Rs. 250 lakhs and involving 26500 tonnes of steel, is a technological marvel.
Through the passage of time, the bridge has witnessed unprecedented change in mode of transportation and traffic density. It had to bear deleterious effects of pollution and corrosion. Yet it has stood the test of time, remaining as functional and as reliable as ever. This was made possible by the tireless efforts of the Bridge Engineers. Every nook and corner of the bridge is constantly monitored, weak/worn out members are identified and adequate replacement are devised, keeping the bridge functional and in commission.
So far, about Rs. 25 Crores have been spent and many other schemes are on the anvil. Some of the schemes already taken up /being taken up are :
v Removal of tram rail from bridge deck.
v Replacement of all expansion and anticulation joints by elastomeric type.
v Installation of LED based aviation light.
v Replacement of ceased bearings.
v Repairs to damaged/spallen concrete in Rabindra Setu understructure and cellular construction.
Latest technologies are being used wherever possible. Thus old manually operated inspection systems are being gradually phased out by mechanical ones. All the drawings have been digitized and archived, complete with electronic indexing.
Click below to view appropriate Layout :
Layout of Kolkata
Dock System [119 Kb]
Layout plan of N. S. Dock [175 Kb]
Layout plan of Haldia Dock Complex [175 Kb]
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All Contents Copyright © 1998, Kolkata Port Trust, India.